In the Spring Festival of 2017, a photo made people cry. A 3-year-old child greeted his father who was on his way home for 24 hours at the village entrance. This is Hunan Xiangxi.
Just a few days ago, it was still a photo of a 6-year-old girl crying with tears of heart and preventing her working mother from leaving. This is a matter in Majiagou, Miba Township, Kangxian County, Longnan City, Gansu Province.
This is a common routine for every left-behind child in the countryside.
The situation of the children in the city is not much better.
The 2016 "National Visual Health" white paper shows that the average myopia rate of children aged 6-15 in China has reached 46.64%
Data from the China Centers for Disease Control and Prevention in 2016 show that the number of obese people under the age of 18 in China has reached 120 million.
The relevant data from the “Physique Survey” of the Ministry of Education in 2017 shows that in the past 30 years, the physical fitness of Chinese teenagers has declined continuously, and their physical fitness such as strength, speed, explosive power and endurance has declined.
Children are the hope of the family and the future of the country, but this status quo really makes people worry.
Whether it is the construction of family civilization advocated by President Xi Jinping or the governance of grass-roots society, whether it is shared and co-construction or harmonious development, the root cause is closely related to the physical and mental health of children and the overall development of children. At the beginning, building a benign ecological environment for the harmonious development of families, schools, and communities is the foundation for the nation's prosperity and prosperity.
Child-friendly, the starting point of family civilization
On December 12, 2016, General Secretary Xi Jinping pointed out when meeting with the first representatives of national civilized families that party committees and governments at all levels must fully understand the importance of family civilization construction, assume leadership responsibilities, and effectively put family civilization construction on the table. schedule. This means that the construction of a family civilization is not a matter of one household, but a matter that the whole society, even the state and the government must pay attention to. During the years of economic and social development, the structure and function of the family have changed and the family consciousness has gradually diminished. However, the family is still the basic unit and cell of our country's social life, and its unique historical and social status , Formed a unique and strong family culture unique to China. However, most Chinese people have a "family and family feelings" in their blood, "the country is the largest family, and the family is the smallest country." The family and the country are inseparable from the nation and society.
Therefore, the construction of family civilization is an indispensable part of the construction of social civilization.
General Secretary Xi Jinping also pointed out that "family is the first classroom in life, and parents are the children's first teachers." The development of family civilization is inseparable from the education of children, and it is closely related to children's education.
For children, the family is also the first environment in which he grows up. The quality of survival and development during childhood directly affects his adult life and his perception of society. Therefore, the healthy development of childhood is not a family matter, but Major issues that the whole society should care about.
In the "Five-year Plan for Guiding the Promotion of Family Education (2016-2020)" issued in 2016, it was explicitly mentioned that the legalization, professionalization, networking, and socialization of family education will be accelerated, and it will basically be built to adapt to urban and rural areas by 2020 Develop a family education guidance service system that meets the needs of parents and children.
The five-year plan calls for highlighting the core and fundamentals of family education, expanding the family education guidance service front, and improving the professional level of family education guidance.
Obviously, family education and the construction of family civilization are already important tasks on the agenda of the party committee and the government, as well as national plans that concern national quality and national development.
The construction of a child-friendly community, with children as the center and friendship as the goal, will create "a most vibrant and habitable community that is conducive to the healthy growth of children and also more interesting for adults." Its service targets are children aged 0-18, children's parents, relatives and other community members. It provides children with games, entertainment, education, health and psychosocial support as an integrated service system.
Child-friendly communities are an important part of family education and the starting point for family civilization.
Child-friendly and supportive of school education
When it comes to education, of course, the main subject is of course school. It is a systematic, planned, long-term education of knowledge and values. It is the main way for children to acquire knowledge. It is also an important place for children to form their outlook on life, values and world.
The Chinese have always attached great importance to children's education and have never invested heavily in sending their children to school. However, after all, children stay in school for a limited time. They live more in families and communities, especially young children. They are also the main body of the community, and the community becomes the first environment for children to contact the society.
In addition, with the development of the times, children's development needs have become increasingly diversified and specialized, and family and children's subjective consciousness, personality consciousness, and rights consciousness have gradually increased. A single school education is difficult to support multiple educational needs.
Furthermore, the knowledge learned in the school stays on the books. It is difficult to apply the knowledge in the school alone, and it must be consolidated in social practice. Another situation is that the moral education and social rules awareness education that schools receive are contrary to reality. To give a simple example, schools teach children to cross the street to see the signal lights, but children who regularly wait for the signal lights often see The scene is that the adult flickers left and right through the traffic, ignoring the signal lights at all.
All this shows that creating a friendly educational environment cannot be done by the school alone.
The construction of child-friendly communities has always been committed to connecting and extending school education, giving children a comprehensive and coordinated environment for growth.
In the process of building a child-friendly community, Binhu Century Community, Baohe District, Hefei City, Anhui Province has strengthened the interaction between the school and the community. The community library has opened a lively and elegant children's reading area, and has carried out thematic activities such as little librarians, little moderators, and little speakers to create a stage for children to display their talents such as reading, management, and talent. Actively explored the protection of children's right to participate, launched "Tianshan Park micro-renewal", "Community Spring Festival Gala ticket invitation letter creative design collection", "Love and charity to help empty nest elderly New Year" and other activities.
Such activities have well supported and extended the school's education system, allowing children to improve their overall quality.
Child-friendly, innovative approaches to social governance
On March 5, 2016, when Xi Jinping participated in the Shanghai delegation's review during the two sessions, he emphasized that the focus of social governance must be implemented in urban and rural areas and communities.
In the community, children are the most cohesive.
Families with children all have the same feelings. Children have expanded their parents' social circle, and adults have more interactions in places with more children. Children can act as a catalyst for social interaction in the community. It can be seen that children are the center of community vitality. Child-friendly communities with more child services and more child spaces are more likely to form strong neighborhood relationships, and more likely to form co-construction, sharing, and society. Participation platforms are easier for community affairs.
In the crowded city of Beijing, there is such a small courtyard with blue walls and gray tiles, with big red lanterns hanging high, and the children run freely in the courtyard, while the elderly people buy food customized to them by the community at the entrance of the courtyard. . The children's activity venues cooperating with Emirate are full of laughter and laughter of children.
This is Fusi Xiaoyuan, located on Tiancun Road Street, Haidian District, Beijing. Qi Lin, a social worker at Ruixiang Social Work Office in Haidian District, Beijing, who is responsible for the planning of the Fusi Academy, introduced that there are not only billion children's activities venues in the courtyard, but most of the books in the library are also related to children. Professional opera artists come to guide children's hobbies, and there are courses to teach children calligraphy practice.
Just as lively as the children ’s venues, there are the Yueshu Hall, the Chinese Academy Hall, the Chess Hall, the Council Hall, the Rehabilitation Hall, the Friendship Hall, and the Exhibition Hall. It is a comprehensive and multi-functional public welfare cultural space that integrates community learning and reading, sports and fitness, leisure and entertainment, communication and exchanges, and mutual assistance in the neighborhood. The community solved the "last mile" problem of community cultural needs through the government's purchase of social organization services.
The Fusi Primary School has greatly improved the natural and human environment of this community through the methods of self-management by the committee, maintenance of social work offices, and supervision by government experts.
Tiancun Mountain in Tiancunlu Street is a barren mountain contracted by the company and responsible for fire protection and maintenance. The community and the enterprise jointly developed, co-constructed and shared-in 2014, the street invested in "opening up wasteland and building green", and built a 40,000 square meter "air steppe" "; Also" remove the wall and green ", add a 30,000 square meters of national fitness park, and in 2015 built an international standard football field to benefit the surrounding people.
Fusi Primary School promotes children's participation in activities through cultural construction, integrates multiple resources of society to participate in community governance, revitalizes the community stock space to provide services for community residents, and provides a good example for grassroots social governance.
Child-Friendly Community as the Axis Building a Micro System for the Harmonious Development of Society
Nine principles have been implemented in the construction of child-friendly communities: child safety (protection against loss, protection against accidents, protection against accidental injuries); child-friendly space and environmental design (public spaces for free play, venues for outdoor collective activities); communities and schools Linkages between communities and families; linkages between communities and social organizations that provide children's public services; resident units are friendly to children in the community; resident companies are friendly to employees and their children; the embodiment of children's right to participate in community governance (the right to know, Right to speak, suggestion); professional staff standards related to child welfare services (such as mom community attendants).
Such a child-friendly community connects families, schools, and communities to participate, with children as the axis, and the purpose of creating a safe, healthy, participating, and developing environment for it. In fact, it has formed a harmonious development of families, schools, and communities. Microsystem, a harmonious and healthy social microsystem, is the basis for innovative social governance and the realization of China's dream.
The basis of social governance is vitality and order, both of which are reflected in the concept of child-friendliness. The construction of child-friendly communities inspires human vitality through the interaction between man and nature.
We often say that former children did not shout from the outside, and today children cannot rush out from home. In addition to the insecurity of the social environment of the community, the lack of natural attraction is probably a major reason.
The alienation between people and nature has blocked children's sense of well-being, but also brought about physical and mental problems such as myopia, obesity, depression, paranoia. A 2010 NetEase survey showed that rural children are generally happier than urban children. The isolation of children from nature is the contradiction cracked by child-friendly communities.
In foreign communities, each community has a unique activity space for children. Even artificial nature can bring endless happiness to children. This kind of happiness is healthy, simple, durable, and simple. It is not comparable to the happiness brought by computer and mobile games. of.
Compared to our domestic Disneyland, Happy Valley-like, man-made, fast-food children's playground, child-friendly places more emphasis on building children's playgrounds close to nature, such as Danyang Dayaluojia Children's Park in Jiangsu It's just a community water park, a faucet, and a battleship made of an old ship that makes children have fun. The beauty of nature and outdoor activities are the source of vitality for children.
Child-friendly communities build social order through human-social interaction.
Child-friendly communities provide endless possibilities for children's social interaction. For example, Binhu Century Community, Baohe District, Hefei, Anhui, has done a lot of work in child community practice, child community cultivation, and protection of children's rights. A total of 37 children's associations were formed within 4 years, and 144 child service projects were implemented, serving 39,000 children. In these activities, they have improved children's social participation and social interaction, not only the moral and intellectual education of children, and the quality of parents, but more importantly, these interactions and activities help children establish social order.
Shakespeare said: "Wisdom is part of destiny, and the external environment a person encounters will affect his mind." The construction of child-friendly communities has nurtured a group of energetic and orderly children, and has led to energetic and orderly adults. This will definitely form a more friendly environment-friendly family nurture, friendly School education, friendly community life, and friendly social care are the dreams of the motherland and the well-being of the people.